Maremma is a vast area, covering a large part of Tuscany’s coastal territory. Dante Alighieri in his Divina Comedia places Maremma between Cecina (Livorno province) and Corneto (present Tarquinia, town in Lazio), while Maremma’s hinterland extends as far as the foothills of Monte Amiata and Montalcino area, where famous Brunello wines are coming from. Almost entire province of Grosseto is inside of that territory, and city of Grosseto can be considered as a capital of Maremma.
Landscape of Maremma has traditionally been known for its nature parks and cattle pastures rather than for its wines. Today the name Maremma Toscana referes to all the wine growing areas of southwest Tuscany. This part of Tuscany has been offered an opportunity for producing new wines under Maremma Toscana IGT designation, which gives freedom for new winemaking ideas and at the same time underlines wine’s particular geographical identity.
The unrealized potential of Maremma has been discovered by well established estates and producers from other parts of Tuscany, especially from Chianti area. Producers extremely limited by older vines, lower yields and by lack of high quality land in general, found this land ideal for their future development. During one decade or so massive investements have been done. As a result vineyards have been organized according to the latest techniques and with an eye to the mistakes of previous generations.
In general, Grosetto wines of IGT category of Maremma Toscana are considered to be more advanced in terms of quality and range: Bordeaux type varieties are dominant in this segment with native Sangiovese in a supporting role.
At the same time Grosseto province is the richest on the coast in terms of the number of appellations presented. There are 8 DOC as of today, with couple of them to be distinguished in terms of interantional recognition as well as of historical interest. Sangiovese grape prevails in Maremma, and forms the basis of probably the most important appellation, Morellino di Scansano, which lies on the border between the coastal plain of Grosseto and the volcanic hills. Morellino is the local name for Sangiovese, which makes at least 85% of this fragrant medium-bodied wine in accordance to its appellation recently upgraded to DOCG.
A natural environment between Maremma and Monte Amiata named Montecucco has several producers who make top quality wines and in general shows serious potential, however its reputation hasn’t been built well yet.
Southern stretch of coastal Maremma together with promontory of Monte Argentario form splendid territory full of diverse landscapes and microclimates. This corner of Grosseto province, widely known as Costa d’Argento accomodates three DOC zones together: local white variety appellation Ansonica Costa dell’Argentario, historically important Parrina originated by Spaniards in XVII century and not yet widely proclaimed itself Capalbio.
Other appellations of Grossetto are Monteregio di Massa Marittima, which is next to Livorno province on north, while inland Sovana and Bianco di Pitigliano border Lazio on the south.
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